Modern Defense is called differently by various Chess Players. It is also termed as Kotov Defense, Pirc Defense, Ufimtsev Defense, Robatsch Defense or even King’s Fianchetto Defense. This concept was originated in 1920s and adopted by many players in 1930s and classified as hyper-modern openings.
The main concept behind Modern defense is to foregoing Black to early occupation with centralized pawns. It creates pressure on the longest diagonal and results in hitting back the big center of White. Majorly, hypermoderns were interested in openings with black queen bishop and queen’s defenses. The character of modern defense (also called King’s Indian Defense) was a little different. It was majorly based on walking on the ice and drawling opponent over chasm.
Modern Defense is termed as a creation of post-World War 2 era and had no existence in previous history. People learnt about playing it right in 1930s and it was just a theory before this time. There were many chess defense theories originated in 19th century and players made their own strategies to perform well in their games. There were many tactics designed for indirect plays and attacking attributes to get a great going for players.
Before the theories related to positions were developed, players got a hard time in playing the right openings and they were quite easy to forget. There were no formal things involved and players had their own intuitive understanding of their own concepts. Intuitions do work at times, but they are not dependable for all the players. There were regular sessions conducted by the players and they combined provocative and unusual moves to create new ways of playing.
White pieces are placed in a better way in open position. Modern chess playing is flexible and determines the central structure to be allowed early. The combination of whites and blacks for correct moves are mentioned and you can move according to the games.